|The Tyrocinium Benedictinum, copied |
by the young (17-year-old) Alexius Hoffmann,
as part of his preparation to become
a Benedictine monk.
Under chapters on Studies, Personal Qualities, Good Behavior, The Christian Student, Table Etiquette (very important!), etc., he offers useful advice for Saint John's students that extends from the personal:
- No victory comes unearned; nor does knowledge (p. 5);
- The spacious rooms [at school] do not appear cosy and homelike; the surroundings are not such as they were at home; the faces are different, some are pleasant, some do not inspire much confidence (p. 6);
- [During vacations] however, home will appear too close, too narrow for him, and he will grow homesick for college, for his spirited companions ... (p. 8).
- Always appear in full dress publicly (p. 60);
- Underwear should be changed regularly (p. 61);
- Change socks at frequent intervals, especially when they are damp (p. 61);
- Cheap, flashy jewelry is worn only by the vain and pretentious portion of mankind (p. 62);
- Wear suspenders to keep up your trousers. The use of a belt is injurious (p. 63);
- Do not spit in church--i.e. not upon the floor or furniture (p. 64).
Under the heading of "What to Read," Father Alexius starts with general comments on the type of literature that is good for students--"polite Christian, Catholic literature." He then proceeds to his bibliography of classics, grouped under generic headings: Fiction, Poetry, History and Biography, Literature, Religious, and Miscellaneous.
Some works, like Aesop's Fables and Cervantes' Don Quixote, are still readily available for readers. Others, like those of Conscience Hendrick or James McSherry, no longer appear in the Saint John's University library catalog. Still others may surprise you (Lionello by the Rev. Bresciani is held in a late 19th-century imprint).
This provokes a perhaps useful question for us today: here is a list of works that for one person (and perhaps we can say even for one community) constituted a "canon" of good reading 115 years ago. Since I work in a library where most of the books are quite a bit older than that, this does not seem so long ago!
Perhaps some enterprising student at Saint John's or at the College of Saint Benedict would like to study the cultural milieu of students at the turn of the last century--a time of cultural upheaval and innovation in Europe and the Eastern United States. For example, in the same year that Father Alexius' guide was published, Oscar Wilde published his Ballad from Reading Gaol!
So, one can study those works that are no longer known (or commonly available) today--perhaps with the help of digital online books (at Archive.org, Google, or elsewhere). One could also study the differences between the cultural landscapes or horizons for readers in the Upper Midwest and those in New York, London, or Paris.
At the very least, we have a wonderful opportunity to delve into the cultural life of a time and place that is simultaneously foreign and familiar to us--wherein lies the alterity of Saint John's in 1898 and 2013.
Plus there is some amusing reading in there, as well!
Fortunately, Father Alexius's entire book has been digitized and is available (for free!) through the Saint John's University Archives (under the direction of Peggy Roske) at:
So, now that the 2013-2014 school year is starting, let keep in mind Father Alexius' admonition:
"The college student is called to be a leader in thought and action among his contemporaries. Let him prepare himself thoroughly by diligent study and honorable conduct." (p. 9)